Roots Vacuum Pump

Roots Vacuum Pumps

Roots pumps are rotary plunger type pumps where two symmetrically shaped impellors rotate in contrary directions inside the pump housing. Due to lack of friction in suction chamber the roots vacuum pump is normally capable of working at high speeds. The roots pumps operate at the high Air Vacuum Pump china speeds absolutely quietly due to lack of reciprocating mass which also provides reliable powerful balancing. As fore vacuum pumps can be used rotary vane, rotary piston, screw and liquid ring pumps. This types of mixed pumps can be used in all fields where the rough, moderate vacuum and high pumping speeds are required.

Roots pumps are dry-running vacuum pumps and may pump great volumes. In blower operation you can reach vacuum to approx. 0.5 bar a (as a single aggregate). In the execution as a high-vacuum blower vacuums are reached up to 10-3 mbar a, but just in combination with a suitable pre-vacuum pump. As pre-vacuum pumps can be used, for example:

Single-stage oil lubricated rotary vane vacuum pumps (accessible final pressure approx. 10-2 mbar a)
Two-stage essential oil lubricated rotary vane vacuum pumps (accessible final pressure approx. 10-3 mbar a)
Liquid ring vacuum pumps, if necessary in combination with ejectors (accessible final pressure approx. 1 mbar a).
Roots pumps, in combination with suitable pre-vacuum pumps, are found in particular when in a nutshell evacuation situations closed volumes should be evacuated or constantly big volume streams are to be charged. Where in fact the suction real estate of the pre-vacuum pumps starts to drop (e.g., by single-stage essential oil lubricated rotary vane pumps with approx. 10 mbar), a roots pump could be started up as a 2. Stage. The suction real estate of this roots pump could be up to 10 occasions larger as the suction house of the pre-vacuum pump.

In a Roots vacuum pump, an inlet port is located at a posture n spaced by a positive displacement angle of 120° in one direction from a center of each rotational axis relative to an imaginary line m connecting rotor axes. An outlet slot is located at a position o reverse to the inlet interface relative to the line. An air flow feed port is created at a posture t on a casing wall structure acquired by returning by 90° from the position o to the inlet port side so that two closed areas are described by adjacent rotor lobes and a casing inner wall at both port sides immediately after air suction respectively. The casing has discharge grooves within an area of the inner wall structure so as to talk to the outlet port. The area ranges from the positioning o to a posture u obtained by returning by 45° from the position o to the inlet port side. The discharge grooves possess a total volume ranging from 2% to 5% of a level of among the closed spaces.